The largest adult male Greaters stand over 5 ft. tall, and the largest male Lessers stand about 4 ft. tall. The greater kudu is considered by many to be the most handsome of the tragelaphine antelopes, which includes the bongo, eland, nyala, bushbuck and sitatunga. All of the Evolution colours can be intermixed to create your own personalized colour. Males are significantly larger and are covered with charcoal grey fur with the lower legs, ears and foreheads being tan. In the wilderness areas and game reserves you spend time in during your programme antelope sightings will be a regular and there will be plenty of time to observe their behaviour. [16] The main predators of nyala are lion, leopard and Cape hunting dog, while baboons and raptorial birds are the predators of juveniles. VIDEO NOTES. The males are highly prized as game animals in Africa. They perform a high kick of the hind legs, a movement thought to release scent from the glands on the heels, making it easier for them to stay together or to confuse the predator. The kudu or ‘koodoo’ is the Khoisan name given to this antelope. Habitat loss, lack of food (due to competition for food with cattle) and viral diseases are major threats for the survival of nyalas in the wild. [18] The nyala has hairy glands on its feet, which leave their scent wherever it walks. I will try to give some details , from my support background on impala kudu over 2 years, tried to give some high level details below. This antelope feeds by both grazing and browsing and will readily feed on leaves, fruit and flowers. This species is a prime example of sexual dimorphism which is the clear difference between male and female. [2] The male stands up to 110 cm (43 in), the female is up to 90 cm (3.0 ft) tall. Greater kudu have a wide repertoire of vocalizations, including barks, grunts, hooting bleats, and a whimper. 650mm) and a white chevron face. Female nyala are known to reach sexual maturity at 11-12 months (one year), the male nyala reaching the sexual maturity at 18 months. They need a regular intake of water, and thus choose places with a water source nearby. In this study we detail an accidental mating between a female nyala (Tragelaphus angasii) and a male greater kudu (T. strepsiceros). Males weigh 98–125 kg (216–276 lb), while females weigh 55–68 kg (121–150 lb). More differences were noted, as males ate woody species at a greater average height whereas females fed from the low herbaceous layer. These antelopes rest in thick bushes during the hot hours of the day. The Lesser Kudu has no beard or fringe. Hybridization of wildlife species, even in the absence of introgression, is of concern due to wasted reproductive effort and a reduction in productivity. The Blue Wildebeest (also known as a Brindled Gnu) differs from the Black Wildebeest in both distribution and appearance. Impala are very adaptable and when food is plentiful, the males become territorial. The male stands up to 110 cm (43 in), the female is up to 90 cm (3.0 ft) tall. When alerted by a predator they move slowly before leaping vertically in the air. In this study we detail an accidental mating between a female nyala (Tragelaphus angasii) and a male greater kudu (T. strepsiceros). The coat is maroon or rufous brown in females and juveniles, but grows a dark brown or slate grey, often tinged with blue, in adult males. Nyala, (Tragelaphus angasii), slender antelope of southeastern Africa, a member of the spiral-horned antelope tribe Tragelaphini (family Bovidae), which also includes the kudu and eland. Males grow horns, turn gray with tan legs, develop manes along upper and lower neck, back, and belly. [4] Cranial studies have shown that the mountain nyala and nyala, though sharing a common name, are actually distant relatives. [7] but not widely recognized, and was only re-established as a valid genus in 2011 by Peter Grubb and Colin Groves. [6], The nyala is the second taxon to branch off from the tragelaphine family tree just after the lesser kudu. ... At the time there were 7 safari hunting companies operating in different areas across the country, all of which were producing top quality mountain nyala trophies. It chooses places with good quality grasslands as well as provision of fresh water. When running through the bush the head is raised and the horns are laid onto the back. [30] They feed at night during the rainy season. The Black Wildebeest is only found in a small area in South Africa and is easily distinguishable by its white tail (giving it the alternative name of White Tailed Gnu). Typically, there will probably be between nine and 15 individuals in the herd. The research discovered new parasites that the nyala was host of - namely a Cooperia rotundispiculum race, Gaigeria pachyscelis, a Gongylonema species, Haemonchus vegliai, Impalaia tuberculata, an Oesophagostomum species, a Setaria species, Trichostrongylus deflexus, Trichostrongylus falculatus, the larval stage of a Taenia species, a Thysaniezia species and Schistosoma mattheei. Since I am a novice in Africa, I find it quite difficult to tell the difference between the Nyala, the Kudu and the Bushbuck. Most kudu bulls, therefore, live in separate bachelor herds. The nyala is a spiral-horned antelope and is between a bushbuck and a kudu in size. In the juveniles there was acute necrosis of the cardiac muscle. [26] The nyala was formerly affected by the disease rinderpest, although the viral disease is considered eradicated now. Below is a description that will provide you with a brief outlook on each of these species of African antelope. [15] It is considered the most sexually dimorphic antelope. The diet grew richer in fiber content and dietary proteins were less. In Mozambique there are not more than 3,000, in Zimbabwe there are over 1,000 while numbers in Malawi have fallen from 3,000 to about 1,500. Genetic evidence suggests that the proto-nyala had some early hybridization with the proto-lesser kudu, but the two have remained separate long after this crossing. Speaking of the major species, they include Wildebeest, Roan, Waterbuck, Eland, Gerenuk, Steenbok, Nyala, Klipspringer, Kudu, Lechwe, Springbok, Sable Antelope, Tsessebe, Impala, and Oryx. of South Australia. The calf remains hidden for up to 18 days, and the mother nurses it at regular intervals. The Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu are both ungulate mammals (they have hoofed feet). The only common attribute is the shaggy coat which is marked with white vertical stripes and spots on the thighs and stomach. It was first described in 1849 by George French Angas. Learn more about these large antelopes below. Nyala live alone or in small family groups of up to 10 individuals. The graceful, elegant impala is prolific in South Africa's Kruger National Park and also in most other nature reserves in South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Zambia. How to tell the difference between a male and female ostrich. They mostly occur in South Africa due to the high demand for adult males as game trophies. They possess between 4 and 12 vertical white stripes along their torso. We love to focus on all things wildlife-related, so have created this page to showcase our many animal comparison articles. [16] They also react to the alarm calls of impala, baboon and kudu. A study in Zinave National Park at Mozambique showed that 67% of the observations were of groups of one to three nyalas, and the rest of the herds consisted of up to 30 nyalas. Some of the ways to tell the difference between nyala (pictured above) and kudu (pictured below) are: Nyala rams are shorter than kudu; Male nyala have more stripes and they are more pronounced against their darker and longer coats; Male kudu's have more pronounced humps; Kudu’s horns are longer, make a corkscrew spiral and don't have the yellow tip; Female kudu look more like males. This species is a prime example of sexual dimorphism which is the clear difference between male and female. Old males live alone, but single sex or mixed family groups of up to 10 individuals can be found. The Blues can be blue-grey or grey-brown in colour and they have manes, throat hairs and beards. These are the Ndumo Game Reserve, uMkuze Game Reserve and Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve and Kruger National Park. BibTex; Full citation; Publisher: Springer Nature. Kudu migrate extensively through Kruger. The resultant difference is the amount of fat on the kidney. in area. It was found that nyalas were hosts to all stages of development in Boophilus decoloratus, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and R. muehlensi and the immature stages of Amblyomma hebraeum and Rhipicephalus maculatus. Males grow horns, turn gray with tan legs, develop manes along upper and lower neck, back, … On the neck and shoulders is an crest and underneath a mane extends along the throat. bovis. More recent estimates show that South Africa has at least 30,000 nyalas, with 25,000 in KwaZulu-Natal. [4] The name "nyala" is the Tsonga name for this antelope, which is likely the source of the English, along with Zulu "inyala". Juveniles tend to act their age and run to the water and feed. The Greater Kudu has a beard… As nouns the difference between kudu and antelope is that kudu is a large, striped, african antelope of the species (taxlink) (the lesser kudu) or (taxlink) (the greater kudu) while antelope is any of several african mammals of the family bovidae distinguished by hollow horns, which, unlike deer, they do not shed. Sexual Dimorphism – Males and females look quite different from one another. Male Nyala has horns and is much larger than females. The results showed that the tribe Tragelaphini is monophyletic with the lesser kudu (T. imberbis) basal in the phylogeny, followed by the nyala. Both males and females have a white chevron between their eyes, and a 40–55 cm (16–22 in) long bushy tail white underside. The physical attributes of the nyala differ between the males, known as bulls, and the females, known as cows. The males are quite territorial, marking out their boundaries with heaps of dung, secretions from glands and by pawing the ground. Often clients would mention that Kudu, or Eland has a big set of “antlers”, and this usually opens up the discussion for the differences between Horns and Antlers. Territories overlap extensively, let it be of any sex. That’s why an impala is an antelope, but not a gazelle. [16] A study in Zululand showed that the nyala fed mainly in the early morning and the late afternoon. It was noted that during nutritional stress, old adults died in more numbers, of which most were males. [27] These antelopes rest in thick bushes during the hot hours of the day. Males are quickly identified as they have horns, whilst females do not. They are an orange-brown colour, they lack the thick coats and have slightly more vertical lines – approximately 18 lines. [25], In a report published in 1994 entitled "Epidemiological observations on spongiform encephalopathies in captive wild animals in the British Isles" it was noted that spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) had been diagnosed in one nyala captive in a zoo. They are very cautious creatures. The nyala does not show signs of territoriality, and individuals areas can overlap each others. This variety in their diet is one of the factors ensuring their successful survival. What is the difference between a black and white rhino? It was concluded that the differences resulted from varying nutritional and energetic demands according to their diverse body sizes and differing reproductive strategies. It generally browses during the day if temperatures are 20–30 °C (68–86 °F) and during the night in the rainy season. South Africa is a rich and diverse country full of wonders: from walking trails to safari adventures where you can get up close and personal to some of the world’s most astonishing animals, to a place where nature and technology work in synchronization, to the wondrous marine ecosystem, and the extraordinary geology in this extraordinary…, One Of The Most Incredible Animals On The Planet Crocodiles in general are one of the most fearsome animals on the planet. However, they are adapted to live in areas with only a seasonal availability of water. They have vertical bands of dark brown hair on their bodies, which makes them look wrinkled. Males weigh 180 – 220 pounds, while females weigh 120–150 pounds. Other shared attributes are the white chevron between their eyes, a long bushy tail white underside. In this study we detail an accidental mating between a female nyala (Tragelaphus angasii) and a male greater kudu (T. strepsiceros). T his gallery showcases a mix of antelope images - including impala, kudu, red lechwe, nyala and springbok - taken in a number of the national parks and game reserves in southern Africa. The tail can be anything between 30 and 55 cm. The greater kudu was split into four species based on genetic evidence and morphological features (horn structure and coat color). Kidney Fat Index is a technique in which the kidney is removed and weighed with the fat and once again excluding the fat. What Are The Differences Between Springboks And Impalas? Physical Characteristics Kudus, both the greater kudu and its close cousin the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair on the forehead between the eyes. Nyala characteristics. In males, they stand up to 110 cm and females stand close to 90 cm. It is considered the most sexually dimorphic antelope. In their zig-zag leaps, they often jump over and across their companions, probably to confuse predators. Birth takes place generally away from the sight of predators, in places such as a thicket. Adult males and females look totally different.Males are slate grey to dark brown with up to 14 distinct white stripes across the back going down the flanks.They have white spots on their thighs and belly.The bottom half of each leg is bright yellow. The rams are very elegant in appearance, sporting dark greyish-brown fur, with white spots on the flanks and prominent white socks. Vegetation surveys were conducted with the end of each feeding bout. Males mate with the female for two days of the cycle, but she allows it for only six hours per cycle. Kudu is a see also of antelope. [33] Females reach sexual maturity at 11 to 12 months of age and males at 18 months (though they are socially immature until five years old). Analysis showed that it completely lacked germ cells, which produce gametes. The nyala have never been observed showing signs of territoriality. 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