Wellington waterworks, Karori Gully, 1901. The earliest record is in a document of c909 which transfers the town to Bishop Asser. 1890 - 1918. Local History Databases. He left Sydney for the Bay of Islands on the Achilles on 21 February 1840. Electric globes lit up Government House tower, and transparencies of the Queen were placed in shop windows. Nathan and Company. By the time the first Europeans arrived, Māori had settled the land, every corner of which came within the interest and influence of a tribal (iwi) or sub-tribal (hapū) grouping. accommodation » bed and breakfast European Explorers of New Zealand Wellington’s past. Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorersknown to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642. 1972 - 2000. The celebrations were seen as a good way to boost morale in tough economic times. Archaeology has not revealed any significant prehistoric or Roman activity in or around the town. Geology and early history. The Borough Council was short lived and the Provincial Council struggled financially and had more of a regional focus. A history of the North Island railway main trunk line since the first through train left Wellington on 7 August 1908. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. His time here was brief. The Wellington City Corporation was formed in 1870 following the dis-establishment of the township's Board of Works. Events In History Te Papa museum opens. The light show capped off months of celebratory events, which included promenade concerts, poetry competitions and military parades. It was designated as the Sumner County seat in 1872, winning out over Sumner City according to the Wellington library. 1854 - Wellington County became an individual entity consisting of the Townships and Towns of Amaranth, Arthur, Eramosa, Erin, Guelph, Guelph (Town), Garafraxa, Maryborough, Nichol, Peel, Pilkington, and Puslinch. Water shortages and drought plagued Wellington in the late 1870s and early 1880s. Hort was a promoter of early Wellington civic affairs, Jewish and non-Jewish. Wellington was the first site of local government in New Zealand, and the city's archives date back to 1842 when the Wellington Borough Council was established. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. Alexander Turnbull Library Reference: For more information see our terms and conditions. Historic image of Te Aro Flats - now Wellington waterfront. History; The Public Hospital in Wellington; Early expansion 1888 - 1910; Early expansion 1888 - 1910. This spurred the municipality into action but it was only when the Karori Reservoir was opened in 1879 that residents began to have access to clean, safe drinking water. Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. The history of the area and it's importance in Māori culture is shown by the names given to the area and its surrounds. © Crown Copyright. Home Images and media photos Early Wellington wharves. Colonisation of Wellingtonbegan by the Europeans in 1840, when settlers arrived in the ship 'Aurora'. Originally known as Limiet Vallei (border or frontier valley), the area became known as Val du Charron or Wagenmakersvallei (Valley of the Wagon Maker) towards the end of the 17th … Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped 20,000. The Harbour Board continued to play a centre-stage role on Wellington's bustling waterfront for over a century before being disbanded in 1989. Page 4 – Travelling by train. Early life. Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. Wellington is at Alert Level 1. Potted histories: Beef Wellington. Until the early 19th century, many people did not attend day school and were illiter-ate or only semi-literate. Wellington Harbour Board head office, Jervois Quay, 1890s. To alleviate this, part of the school moved into new buildings but these soon … This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. Wellington's history over the dawn of a new century. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the 10th century. William Mein Smith, the New Zealand Company surveyor, painted the image with a view to attracting further settlers. It hit the dusty streets of the newly-appointed capital city on 8 February 1865. They were believed to be part of Te Aro pā (fortified village), built by the Ngāti Mutunga people in the 1820s and later occupied by other iwi.It was the first such find in Wellington and has been preserved within the Taranaki Street complex. 1853 - Wellington separated from Waterloo. It remained a Blundell family business until 1972. Explore the Māori myth behind Poneke and its landmarks, — like the Beehive, Te Papa, harbour and cable car, as well as historical events. On 20 June 1887, Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a spectacular light show throughout the city. Colonel William Wakefield, a New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the Wellington settlement to be where Petone is now situated. Queen Victoria's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887. Wellington was platted in 1871 and named for the Duke of Wellington. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. In addition to financial hardship, unmarried mothers faced moral condemnation and social rejection. Smith also highlights Kumutoto pā, perhaps to emphasise how Māori lived among the Europeans. Thousands lined Wellington's streets to admire the coloured lights displayed about town. The Council did, however, remain heavily involved in reclamation of the Te Aro foreshore throughout the 1880s, and with other wharf projects. Tram no. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. By December 17, 1902, the Fort Collins Weekly Courier announced that the town of Wellington had been surveyed and platted and lots were in high demand. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. It has been suggested that the valley was formed during the ice age 10,000–20,000 years ago by glacial scouring, but considering that the Hutt Valley and the greater Wellington area have experienced major tectonic uplifting it is possible that the valley was formed through major earthquakes and erosion. Early Wellington wharves. Land and commodity prices slumped, causing widespread unemployment, high debt levels and destitution among the working classes. Another clue, and perhaps the most pertinent in dating the map, is the inclusion of Christ Church and its grave yard between Mill Bank and what is now New Church Road. The first issue numbered four pages and cost one penny. The alternatives – a hasty marriage, illegal abortion, or infanticide – carried hu… An inspection in 1871 by Government scientist James Hector found many inner-city wells were contaminated with human and animal faeces. Home > History of Wellington. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. He later served as British Prime Minister. In 1884, the city's water supply was bolstered by supplies piped in from the Wainuiomata River in the Hutt Valley. In 2005, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare (huts). By local history librarian Gabor Toth. Those without family support had few options. History of Wellington. For the first few years, lectures took place in rented accommodation in the city while a debate raged over where the new University’s home should be built. But, from the early 1880s to 1895, the new city was badly affected by a New Zealand-wide economic depression. Wellington's history post World War I. Former Town Board chairman Joseph Dransfield became the new Corporation's first elected mayor. 1918 - 1939. History. However when the Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area, the site was shifted to its current location. It's a peaceful retreat from the bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and city. Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. New Zealand’s new national museum, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, was officially... New Zealand's last electric tram trip. Wellington city in a new era. Find out what's open and how to get support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19. The head office of the Wellington Harbour Board, a vital centre of power for early Wellington, was located in opulent offices upstairs. The Wellington Harbour Board was established in 1879 to develop the city's harbour facilities and manage its burgeoning port business - a role it took over from the Council. 1939 - 1972. The Association was formally incorporated in June 1912 but its genesis dates back to 1890 when jubilee celebrations were held in Wellington to mark the 50th anniversary of the European … There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. An early picture of Lambton Quay showing the South Sea Hotel, 1870s. Our food history column explores the background to Britain's most beloved dishes. As recently as 1994, council records were stored at more than 10 places around Wellington, loosely classified using a system devised in 1926. The government did not want to be seen to be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited. The earliest known name for Wellington city, derived from Māori legend, is Te Upoko o te Ika a Maui or the head of Maui’s fish. The Wellington train depot was built in 1916 and demolished around 1959. Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. Early Origins of the Wellington family The surname Wellington was first found in Shropshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The tough times were not helped by continued immigration and rapid population growth; from 1881 to 1885, 1000 new arrivals a year had to be accommodated in the crowded city. PUBL-0011-16-1 Hand-coloured lithograph after a drawing by William Mein Smith. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori. The Early Settlers and Historical Association of Wellington (since renamed The Wellington Historical and Early Settlers’ Association) is one of New Zealand’s oldest historic societies. Duke of Wellington (1769 – 1852) Anglo-Irish military commander and British politician. The cabinet contained a treasure trove of local history documents, all of which had been donated to the people of Wellington by folk like ... University of New Zealand system … The earliest date with hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand is about 1280. Set in the heart of cosmopolitan Ponsonby, the soul of Auckland city, this iconic building is a part of New Zealand's early settler history. Most schools were Sunday schools run by churches. ... Wellington Hospital / Wellington School of Medicine. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. The Hunter Building; New Zealand School of Music; Early years. ... Glenbervie Tce holds a special place in Wellington architectural history. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for … Early New Zealand published works relating to Wellington, digitised and made available online. In the 1960’s new methods of cargo handling were introduced, with containerisation and roll-on/roll-off ferries changing the face of the shipping sector and Wellington’s wharf. Page 5 – Refreshments The first Wellington County Council meeting was held on January 23, 1854. His only encounter with Māori ended badly, with four of his crew killed and Māori fired upon in retaliation. Water supply was a priority for city councillors. Key buildings and facilities are identified to show the town’s progress, including William Wakefield’s house, Barrett’s Hotel, the medical hall, emigration barracks and wharf. Tasman named the place we now call Golden Bay ‘Moordenaers… ... An early view inside ward 5 is seen here – it was originally used as a male surgical ward. Gradually, ... All Wellington’s schools have a long history of overcrowding as their numbers expand-ed beyond the capacity of their premises. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. 252, displaying the message ‘end of the line’ and driven by Wellington... Battle of Manners Street. Wellington appears, as Weolintone, in the 1086 Domesday Book, … Early European history from 1865 to 1890. The Wellington Historical Society presented a virtual panel discussion Wednesday, Nov. 18 about the history of Wellington, from the first sales of lots in the community through two incorporation initiatives, the original comprehensive land use plan, initial efforts to make Wellington the “Winter Equestrian Capital of the World,” to celebrity sightings, including the … Cattle herders coming up the Chisholm Trail helped to build the early town's economy. Wellington History Group Special Paper 5 Methodist Chapel (built 1797) at the northern end of Chapel Lane in 1836 (see map above). Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. This week: Leah Hyslop on the military myths behind Beef Wellington. Arthur Wellesley was born in Dublin, in May 1769 to an aristocratic Anglo … The seat of government in New Zealand was moved from Auckland to Wellington in 1865, largely on the ba… photograph courtesy … * * * I first came across Marjorie McCrea’s name in the early 1970s when I discovered the contents of a four-drawer cabinet in Wellington library (the old one, in Walker Street). It was not until the early 19 th century that Wellington received much attention from the wider world. Dwelling on the past. Early European history from 1865 to 1890. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. This view of part of Wellington, taken c.1869, shows the corner of Willis and Manners Streets and the surrounding area. The first post office in Wellington was established in July 1871. Wellington's first major daily newspaper - The Evening Post - was established in 1865 by Irishman Henry Blundell. This photo is also from Ahlbrandt’s History of Wellington. Wellington's history during a new world war and beyond. In 2002, The Evening Post was amalgamated with Wellington's other longstanding daily newspaper The Dominion to create The Dominion Post. Surfing Eastbourne's Rec in the early 90's Eastbourne Stalwart Terence Wood walks us through the rise and demise of a regional classic. Following Blundell's retirement in 1874, The Post was run by his three sons. Wellington was the commander of British forces that defeated Napoleon, at the Battle of Waterloo – effectively ending Napoleon’s dominance of Europe. When to put out your rubbish and recycling, Sorting and preparing your rubbish and recycling, Southern Landfill, Tip Shop and Recycle Centre, Sewerage and Wastewater - History of the Sewerage Network. Discover information about Wellington local and New Zealand history, including tips and hints to help you with your research. So this was how the hospital looked in 1890, with the new addition at the right of the photograph. This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. History of Wellington Wellington, steeped in history and tradition, has a magical atmosphere that will captivate you once you discover the town, its people and its myriad of attractions. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. Wellington, our capital city and home of Zealandia wildlife sanctuary is culturally rich. The University was founded in 1897 and teaching began in April 1899 with 115 students enrolled in the first year. The Rhodes, Hickson, Hunter and Fitzherbert wharves can be seen on the left of the image. Permission of either the Wellington City Archives or Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand, must be obtained before any re-use of images. Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. David Thorns and Ben Schrader, 'City history and people - The first towns', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/zoomify/23490/early-wellington (accessed 6 February 2021), Story by David Thorns and Ben Schrader, published 11 Mar 2010. For most second-class travellers, travelling the main trunk meant a long, sleepless journey on hard-backed seats, struggling to find 'elusive comfort with the NZR pillow'. The first New Zealand Company settlers actually didn’t care much for Wellington itself when they first set foot in New Zealand, and settled in Petone instead. At the beginning of the 20th century, single mothers in New Zealand, even those who were widowed or divorced, received little help. David Nathan was an important Auckland businessman and benefactor, who is perhaps best known for establishing the firm L.D. Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. 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