At a typical university, there are more administrators than faculty. During the same period, the number of administrators and professional staff has more than doubled. 42 (University of Berkeley); and it has a declining trend. Part-time faculty and teaching assistants now account for half of instructional staffs at colleges and universities, up from one-third in 1987, the figures show. From the blog Remaking the University is an interesting article with charts showing the decline in the ratio between ladder rank faculty and senior management staff at the University of California. One statistic that has been repeated is that Arizona has a 1:1 ratio of teachers to administrators. Others “often show up in student referenda, to build or add services,” said George Pernsteiner, president of the State Higher Education Executive Officers Association. As noted in Table 1, the ratio for public research universities is .55. In all, from 1987 until 2011-12—the most recent academic year for which comparable figures are available—universities and colleges collectively added 517,636 administrators and professional employees, or an average of 87 every working day, according to the analysis of federal figures, by the New England Center for Investigative Reporting in collaboration with the nonprofit, nonpartisan social-science research group the American Institutes for Research. A ratio of 0.53, for example, means that the college spends 53 cents on administration for every dollar it spends on instruction. According to a report provided by the Arizona Department of Education, there are a total of 55,317 teachers employed by the state. Graduation Rate: This KPI determines the number of students who completed their schooling or received a particular certificate or degree within the normal time frame. Centralization has been promoted as a way to reduce costs, but Vedder points out that it has not appeared to reduce the rate of hiring of administrators and professional staffs on campus—or of incessant spikes in tuition. “If we have these huge spikes in student services spending or in other professional categories, we should see improvements in what they do, and I personally haven’t seen that,” Gillen said. All these activities are a distraction from what the institution is supposed to be doing.”. The ratio is important but the rights of employees are much more important. ��?�7Q�^<3��^Dž�+KP�7׻Q�*K�BV��U That's an unhealthy number that almost guarantees that instructors will not be overly invested in mentoring all of their students closely. But critics say the unrelenting addition of administrators and professional staffs can’t help but to have driven this steep increase. 1538 0 obj <>stream “There’s just a mind-boggling amount of money per student that’s being spent on administration,” said Andrew Gillen, a senior researcher at the institutes. Universities have added these administrators and professional employees even as they’ve substantially shifted classroom teaching duties from full-time faculty to less-expensive part-time adjunct faculty and teaching assistants, the figures show. “And probably every college or university that’s accredited, they’ve got at least one person with a major portion of their time dedicated to that, and in some cases whole office staffs. That’s a rate of increase more than twice as fast as the growth in the number of students. • In public administration the ratio is only 3.3 to 1, about one-fourth the ratio of staff-to-administrator ratio in public schools. Administrator to Teacher Ratio Materials related to the monitoring of administrator to teacher ratios in school districts. 0 ��N The figures are particularly dramatic at private, nonprofit universities, whose numbers of administrators alone have doubled, while their numbers of professional employees have more than doubled. Though totals may vary slightly, this ratio describes a class size of roughly 15 or 10 students per every one teacher or faculty … “I think there’s legitimate criticism” of the growth in hiring of administrators and other nonacademic employees, said King. “A recent widely published study indicates that 3 to 1 is the ideal ratio of faculty to administrators at a university. “They’ve added a layer of bureaucracy, and in 95 percent of the cases it’s an unnecessary bureaucracy and a counterproductive one.”. By 2008, however, the ratio of faculty to administrators had fallen to 0.56, reflecting a strong shift toward administrators. It’s a lie. Top-ranked Williams College had a ratio of 7 students to each faculty member, and most classes had enrollments of 20 students or fewer. With 18 students for every one instructional faculty member, University of Maryland - College Park has more students split among the same faculty when compared to the national average of 15 . Being able to calculate the HR-to-employee ratio properly helps business owners make these important staffing decisions. Since 2002, the proportion of four-year bachelor’s degree-seeking students who graduate within even six years, for instance, has barely inched up, from 55 percent to 58 percent, U.S. Department of Education figures show. Over the same period, the faculty-to-student ratio has remained fairly constant, at approximately fifteen or sixteen students per instructor. “None of them have reduced campus administrative burdens at all,” said King, who said he is particularly frustrated by this trend. According to a 2014 Delta Cost Project report, the number of faculty and staff per administrator declined roughly 40% at … New Analysis Shows Problematic Boom In Higher Ed Administrators, Yale University, $1,652,543 endstream endobj 1539 0 obj <>stream h�21�P0P���w�/�+Q04���L)�611 It is also the case that many specialist universities have smaller student bodies, with higher numbers of teaching staff and faculty. The decline is happening across all UC campuses. “It’s almost Orwellian,” said Vedder. The Bard MAT faculty is a group of model teachers who are experts in their subject areas. ©2021 Verizon Media. Pressure to help students graduate more quickly—or at all—has also driven the increase in professional employees “to try to more effectively serve the students who are coming in today,” Pernsteiner said. Center for College Affordability and Productivity, American Association of University Administrators, State Higher Education Executive Officers Association. I appreciate what you have said about the administrators and the faculty staff. There’s also been a massive hiring boom in central offices of public university systems and universities with more than one campus, according to the figures. But he said universities don’t have to provide those services themselves. Since 1987, universities have also started or expanded departments devoted to marketing, diversity, disability, sustainability, security, environmental health, recruiting, technology, and fundraising, and added new majors and graduate and athletics programs, satellite campuses, and conference centers. “Yet other factors that are going on, including the hiring of these other types of non-academic employees, have undercut those savings.”. “Institutions have said that they were hurting, so I would have thought that staffing overall would go down,” Desrochers said. h��T[k�0�+���lE�O��ri�@���,���R���Ϳ�Ӯf�ly�Ç��vΑ�ϐe�ʙҖ�`���ූe*��I��s����U�2�x��bVΛ�T·��C,���(��Δ3|\�-�w\����~�g23m�Ic(U�68.�42�t�z>����������*�rU�Q�K�[�w������gp!��)��ZT� ~Um��� ���DuS��zÿ>+P$z�?iE��ZŋV���U��֮Ls@&�2�12sA]��+S��L)~'��ͤSB�T:�6eQ��y�Z0�_�(�. There are now two nonacademic employees at public and two and a half at private universities and colleges for every one full-time, tenure-track member of the faculty. Analyzing data from 137 public universities from 1987 through 2008, they found that on average the ratio was two administrators to one full-time faculty member when the most cost-effective ratio is one administrator for three every full-time faculty members. “The administration-to-instruction ratio would still be the same, but clearly less would be going to instruction and faculty,” he wrote. Today is National Voter Registration Day! At the very least, they say, the continued hiring of nonacademic employees belies university presidents’ insistence that they are doing everything they can to improve efficiency and hold down costs. These schools averaged 11 students to every faculty member in 2016. During the same period, the number of administrators and professional staff has more than doubled. This indicates that these institutions, on average, have about half as many full-time TN/TT faculty as full time administrators. Among the U.S. universities, the average staff-faculty ratio calculated for 1995-96, 2005-06 and 2012-13 is 3.79, which varied from 1.42 (University of Hawaii) to 9. For public schools, the ratio is 16.60 to 1 and 13.52 for private schools. Among public institutions, the smallest median ratio — 0.16 — is found in medium-sized doctoral universities with the greatest amount of research activity. “While the rest of the economy was shrinking overhead, higher education was investing heavily in more overhead,” said Robert Martin, an economist at Centre College in Kentucky who studies university finance who said staffing per students is a valid way to judge efficiency improvements or declines. “And there are a lot fewer Indians.”. However, some institutions on this list – such as Johns Hopkins University and Duke University – have large student populations (about 15,000 each), so this isn’t always the case. Some of these, they say—such as beefed-up fundraising and marketing offices—pay for themselves, and sustainability efforts save money through energy efficiency. The ratio is full-time TN/TT faculty divided by full-time administrators. h�T�ˊ�@E�v&�����2 � ��6)��� Although student-to-faculty ratios can differ from country to country and even regionally, in some cases, a low student-faculty ratio typically consists of 15:1 or 10:1, students to faculty. “They’ve increased their hiring of part-time faculty to try and cut costs,” said Donna Desrochers, a principal researcher at the Delta Cost Project, which studies higher-education spending. These aren’t bad things to do, but somebody’s got to do them.”. *No longer president, New England Center for Investigative Reporting. They also include those with blue-collar jobs, such as tradespeople and machine operatives. “It raises a question of priorities.”. Many of them have lower student-to-faculty ratios. Student to faculty ratio is one of the standard metrics used to gauge the number of teaching resources a school provides for its students. %PDF-1.6 %���� • Only hospitals report roughly similar staffing patterns, with 12.2 people supervised by each executive or administrator. �U�I�)Γ4�E��!�>� ޹Fx�>����d�0�q���S��s�.�x-���^�|"(���U�d�JH�v ��ꅠ��%r}�v�R�\oV�`O�����[��N�_��p�y The number of employees in central system offices has increased six-fold since 1987, and the number of administrators in them by a factor of more than 34. This ratio indicates that the number of students split between the same faculty is much higher than normal, and could mean students will experience larger class sizes and fewer opportunities to connect with professors, especially in introductory courses. )�Ic0i Among them are the 222 national liberal arts colleges, which are known for smaller enrollments, more personalized education and individual attention. The number of administrators at universities has exploded, growing much faster than the faculty. Using IPEDS reporting definitions, we had 162 tenured and on-track faculty members last year, and 242 full-time professional administrators (Executive/ Administrative/ Managerial, and Other Professional). For academic year 2019-2020, the average student to faculty ratio of US colleges is 14.41 to 1.It indicates that there are about 14 students for every one instructional faculty and staff. The disproportionate increase in the number of university staffers who neither teach nor conduct research has continued unabated in more recent years, and slowed only slightly since the start of the economic downturn, during which time colleges and universities have contended that a dearth of resources forced them to sharply raise tuition. When I was a college administrator, my colleagues and I always agonized about how to report our student-to-faculty ratios. In the fall of 2006, for which data were released Tuesday, 48 But, in fact, it’s not. It’s not possible to tell exactly how much the rise in administrators and professional employees has contributed to the increase in the cost of tuition and fees, which has also almost doubled in inflation-adjusted dollars since 1987 at four-year private, nonprofit universities and colleges, according to the College Board. This would indeed be a shocking revelation, if it were true. Read more by … We made it easy for you to exercise your right to vote! As Laura McKenna points out, the income disparities between college faculty and administrators are “an important indication of a given higher-education institution’s fiscal priorities”. If a college has a 35 to 1 student to faculty ratio, that's an immediate red flag. All rights reserved. Hurlburt gave the theoretical example of a college that moved to part-time contingent faculty but spent more on academic support administrators. The ratio of nonacademic employees to faculty has also doubled. Part of MultiCultural/HPMG News. The number of Purdue administrators has jumped 54 percent in the past decade—almost eight times the growth rate of tenured and tenure-track faculty. But naysayers point out that the doubling of administrative and professional staffs doesn’t seem to have improved universities’ performance. “They can outsource them, the way that corporations do.”, To provide such things as security and counseling, said Martin, “You can hire outside firms, on a contract basis with competitive bidding. “I wouldn’t buy a used car from a university president,” said Vedder. These data suggest school administration is … If we calculate the CEO-to-worker pay ratio at USC – in higher education this is a calculation of president-to-faculty pay – the numbers are striking. The study identifies the optimal ratio as 3 tenure-tack faculty to each full-time professional administrator. “At the same time, you can’t lay all of the responsibility for that on the universities.”, There are “thousands” of regulations governing the distribution of financial aid alone, he said. “In no other industry would overhead costs be allowed to grow at this rate—executives would lose their jobs,” analysts at the financial management firm Bain & Company wrote in a 2012 white paper for its clients and others about administrative spending in higher education. In 1987, the ratio of tenure-track faculty to full-time administrators at public research universities was 0.96, a balance of about one-to-one, with a slight tilt toward administrators. Universities and colleges continued adding employees even after the beginning of the economic downturn, though at a slightly slower rate, the federal figures show. Important conversations are happening now. “The students vote for them. Letters and Notices. In 1987, the ratio of tenure-track faculty to full-time administrators at public research universities was 0.96, a balance of about one-to-one, with a slight tilt toward administrators. Students and their families have asked for more, and are paying more to get it.”. Part-time faculty and teaching assistants now account for half of instructional staffs at colleges and universities, up from one-third in 1987, the figures show. “They’ll say, ‘We’re making moves to cut costs,’ and mention something about energy-efficient lightbulbs, and ignore the new assistant to the assistant to the associate vice provost they just hired.”. Those costs have also nearly tripled at public four-year universities—a higher price rise than for any other sector of the economy in that period, including healthcare. Company executives can use the HR-to-employee ratio to trim the HR staff or hire more if it is determined that more or less HR staff are needed to manage the employees' needs. Rather than improving productivity as measured by the ratio of employees to students, private universities have seen their productivity decline, adding 12 employees per 1,000 full-time students since 1987, the federal figures show. One example, the central office of the California State University System, now has a budget bigger than those of three of the system’s 23 campuses. … This story was prepared by the New England Center for Investigative Reporting, a nonprofit news center based at Boston University and WGBH Radio/TV. Sign up for membership to become a founding member and help shape HuffPost's next chapter, Highest Paid Private College Presidents: Chronicle of Higher Education List (Released 2013). More common, especially among selective colleges and universities, is a ratio between 10 to 1 and 20 to 1. “All of those things pile up, and contribute to this increase,” said Dan King, president of the American Association of University Administrators. “It’s a lie. Employee Ratio Worksheet (PDF) Guidelines for Assessing the Ratio of Administrative Employees to Teachers. “But it didn’t.”. endstream endobj 1540 0 obj <>stream The ratio between administrators and faculty continues to shrink. In a 2011 interview with THE, he suggested comparing the ratio of academic to administration staff in individual institutions to highlight outliers. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Hesa figures are based on contract type, so do not include academics who take on administrative roles. The recipient of this information usually colored our responses. Add your voice! Data on the SUS web site indicates UNF’s ratio is 2 to 1, if we include non-tenure- track faculty, and that our ratio is worse than many others in the SUS. “They’ll say, ‘We’ll save money if we centralize.’ Then they hire a provost or associate provost or an assistant business manager in charge of shared services, and then that person hires an assistant, and you end up with more people than you started with.”, In higher education, “Everyone now is a chief,” he said. U.S. News and World Report maintains comprehensive rankings of U.S. collegesand universities. By 2008, however, the ratio of faculty to administrators had fallen to 0.56, reflecting a strong shift toward administrators. For the first time in history, administrators outnumber faculty among the full-time employees of America's colleges and universities. It’s a lie,” said Richard Vedder, an economist and director of the Center for College Affordability and Productivity. Martin said it’s true that adding services beyond teaching and research is fueling the growth of campus payrolls. Because of the faculty-to-student ratio in the Bard MAT, you will get to know your professors well, and they will be active participants in your MAT education, both in the classroom and in your teaching apprenticeships. In 1987, the ratio of tenure-track faculty to full-time administrators at public research universities was 0.96, a balance of about one-to-one, with a slight tilt toward administrators. 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