I. Phytoremediation literally translates as „restoring balance”, and can be described as the treatment of environmental (like toxic heavy metals) problems through the use of plants, that mitigate the environmental problem, without the need to excavate the contaminant material and dispose of it elsewhere. INTRODUCTION ater pollution due to heavy metal is more risky as heavy metals are non biodegradable and thus they accumulate in area where ever water logging or … A tree that is being studied for use as phytoremediation for cleaner soil is the poplar tree. Total chromium, lead, copper, and zinc uptakes (in mg/kg of plant dry weight) by Indian mustard plant in 12 weeks were 102.6, 28.9, 53, and 1861.5, respectively. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) Info: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Titled "Phytoremediation of Metals", the patent disclosed a method to remove metal ions from soil using plants. The solution of this pollution problem by using classical traditional physical and chemical methods is too expensive. Several species of plants, including radish and mustard, were genetically engineered to express a protein called metallothionein. But, phytoremediation method is using for removal of heavy metal … Nodule and soil bacteria can positively The potential of heavy metal phytoremediation depends on the influence plants by improving growth and root development, capability of a plant to accumulate excessive concentrations of which increases plant tolerance to various environmental stresses metals (Ma et al., 2011). Heavy metal contamination in the agricultural soil is not only pollution but it also has dangerous effect on wild life and human life. Among the various techniques used, phytoremediation is one of the safest, most innovative, and effective tools for the remediation of heavy metals. Hyperaccumulators are the plants wherein the accumulated heavy metal amount > 0.1% plant dry weight and ratio of HM amount accumulated in above ground and root >1 (i.e. Best Plants For Phytoremediation 1. The plant protein binds heavy metals and removes them so that plant … – Indian Mustard. Brassicaceae species are really useful to accumulate certain metals … The uptakes (in mg/kg of plant dry weight) of the same heavy metals by Marigold plant in 12 weeks were found to be 112.3, 104.25, 82.5, and 716.75, respectively. It not only beautifies the landscape but the roots have the capability of accumulating heavy metals in sites polluted with diesel fuel. Progress in phytoremediation is hindered by a lack of understanding of complex interactions in the rhizosphere and plant based interactions which allow metal translocation and accumulation in plants. The results reveal a cutting edge application of emerging strategies and technologies to problems of heavy metals in soil. The willow is being used as a phytoremediation plant for cleaner soil. Various … Phytoremediation of toxic metals and metalloids … phytoremediation of heavy metals. Phytoremediation is one of the safer, economical, and environment-friendly techniques in which plants are used to recover polluted soils, particularly those containing toxic organic substances and heavy metals. As International Journal of Molecular Sciences has published, heavy metals affect not only industrial sites but also cultivated land, spreading risks for human health. Key Words: Heavy metals, Copper, Zinc, Removal, Industrial effluent, Phytoremediation, Water plants. Heavy metals have severe toxic effects on plants, animals, and human health, and therefore their remediation is crucial. However, it is considered as a slow form of remediation, as plants take time to grow and flourish. 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